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Wednesday, 05 August, 2020

2 citizens living around Piranshahr sentenced to imprisonment

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Human Rights in Iran – Wednesday, July 29, 2020 / Branch 1 of the Court of Appeals in West Azerbaijan Province issued a lawsuit sentencing Keyvan Nejad-Rasoul and Bapir Barzeh, respectively residents of Shinabad village and Chianeh village around Piranshahr County to a total of 5 years in prison.

According to Human Rights in Iran, in recent days, Keyvan Nejad-Rasoul, son of Mohammad, from Shinabad and Bapir Barzeh, son of Osman, a citizen of Chianeh village around Piranshahr County, each was sentenced by branch 1 of the Court of Appeals in West Azerbaijan Province in Urmia to 2 years and 6 months in prison on charges of “collaborating with a Kurdish anti-regime party”. These citizens were initially sentenced to a total of 5 years and 8 months in prison.

As reported, branch 1 of the Court of Appeals in West Azerbaijan Province, after conducting a hearing in July 2019, had increased the prison term of Bapir Barzeh from 8 months to 4 years imprisonment. Also, the mentioned branch had reduced the sentence of Keyvan Nejad-Rasoul from 5 years of imprisonment to 4 years, that due to the implementation of the parliament’s enactment to reduce the punishment of imprisonment, the cases of these people were reviewed for the second time in branch 1 of the West Azerbaijan’s Court of Appeals and each was sentenced to 2 years and 6 months in prison.

In February 2020, Bapir Barzeh was tried by branch 102 of the Piranshahr 2nd Criminal Court on charges of collaborating with a Kurdish dissident pary and was sentenced to 8 months in prison. After announcing the verdict, this political activist was temporarily released from detention on a bail of 220 million Tomans.

Also in January 2019, Keyvan Nejad-Rasoul was trialled by branch 102 of the Piranshahr 2nd Criminal Court on the charge of membership and cooperation with one of the Kurdish opposition parties, which was sentenced to 5 years in prison.

Keyvan Nejad-Rasoul was arrested on December 10, 2018 by IRGC intelligence agents in the village of Shinabad, in Piranshahr.

In December 2019, Bapir Barzeh was also arrested by Piranshahr IRGC intelligence agents and transferred to the detention center of this security organ in Urmia for interrogation.

Arrest of persons without arraigning their charges at the time of arrest and impossibility of access to a lawyer for the accused are among the violations of international human rights instruments, Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted on December 16,1966.

Also enjoying the right to a fair trial by an impartial tribunal in the presence of a jury and by preserving the right of the accused to appoint his or her lawyer in a trial, is one of the issues accentuated in international instrument of human rights, including Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), adopted on December 16, 1966.

In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vague and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of freedom of expression and opinion, which in International Instrument of human rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of Freedom of Expression and opinion. Regarding the principle of freedom of expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.

Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.

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