A report on the situation of Kianoush Valiollahi, a political prisoner in the Greater Tehran Penitentiary
Human Rights in Iran – Wednesday, October 7, 2020 / Kianoush Valiollahi, a political prisoner jailed in Brigade 2 of the Greater Tehran Penitentiary, is serving his sentence.
According to Human Rights in Iran, Kianoush Valiollahi, born in 1993, resident of Tehran, a tile worker and one of the detainees in November 2019 protests, is serving a 3-year prison sentence in Brigade 2 of the Greater Tehran Penitentiary on charges of assembly and conspiracy to act against national security.
This political prisoner was arrested by security forces on November 24, 2019, during large-scale arrests in November 2019 nationwide protests. After being transferred to Security Ward 209 affiliated with the Intelligence Department in Evin Prison, he was interrogated and subjected to various psychological pressures for 18 days. After the interrogation and referral of the case to Branch 2 of the Tehran Security Court, Kianoush Valiollahi was charged with assembly and conspiracy to act against national security and his case was referred to the Revolutionary Court of Tehran.
Following the commencement of the judicial proceedings, the case of Kianoush Valiollahi was investigated by Branch 24 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, presided over by Judge Mohammad Reza Amouzad, and the citizen, who was denied the right to access to a lawyer during interrogation, was sentenced to maximum punishment of 5 years incarceration.
As a result of Kianoush Valiollahi’s objection to the verdict issued and the referral of the case to Branch 36 of the Tehran Court of Appeals, the sentence was commuted by Judge Ahmad Zargar to 3 years imprisonment.
The suppression of civil activists violates the international human rights instruments, Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), and Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) adopted on December 16, 1966, which emphasize the individuals’ rights to release their thoughts and opinions regardless of boundary restrictions.
Holding protest rallies without carrying weapons is one of the rights accentuated in Article 27 of Iran’s Constitution, which the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran claims enforcing it, however the security organizations offer different interpretations on their own behalf in the line of restriction and suppression the citizens in Iran.
Also enjoying the right to a fair trial by an impartial tribunal in the presence of a jury and by preserving the right of the accused to appoint his or her lawyer in a trial, is one of the issues accentuated in international instrument of human rights, including Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), adopted on December 16, 1966.
Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.