Conviction of Akbar Mohajeri, national civil activist to Prison
Human Rights in Iran – Monday, August 3 , 2020, Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Tabriz, headed by judge Rahim Hamlbar, issued a verdict sentencing Akbar Mohajeri, a national civil activist detained in November 2019 protests to 3 years in prison and 1 year suspended imprisonment.
According to Human Rights in Iran, On Saturday, August 1, 2020, Akbar Mohajeri, born in 1979, resident of Tabriz, married and father of 2 children, national civil activist and one of the detainees of November 2019 protests, was sentenced by branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of this city, presided over by judge Rahim Hamlbar to 3 years in prison and 1 year suspended imprisonment on charges of propaganda against the regime and membership in the illegal Gamaj Group. This national civil activist was arrested during the November 2019 protesting rallies and after a long period of interrogation and uncertainty, was released on bail until the end of the trial. If this sentence is upheld in the Court of Appeals and Article 134 of the Islamic Penal Code is applied, this national civil activist will be sentenced to 3 years in prison.
“The lawsuit communicated to the lawyer of this national civil activist, pronounces that Akbar Mohajeri was accused of propaganda activities against the regime and membership in the illegal Gamaj Group, according to which he was sentenced to 3 years in prison and 1 year suspended imprisonment. We will definitely appeal against this ruling in due time”, a source close to Akbar Mohajeri told the reporter of Human Rights in Iran.
Following an attack by Tabriz intelligence agents on his residence, Akbar Mohajeri, a national civil activist residing in this city, was arrested during the November 2019 uprisings and was transferred to the detention center of this security organ for interrogation. This national civil activist was released from custody on bail on February 25, 2020, pending trial.
From the first day of the protests in November of 2019, Human Rights in Iran released in its Telegram Channel many reports and short video footages about the process and situation of protests and rallies in many cities of the country. These protesting rallies occurred on Friday, November 15th 2019, as an objection following the sudden increase in gasoline price and the sequential inflation and expensiveness of goods and services. During these gatherings and demonstrations, many of citizens in Iran cities were killed, injured and then many numbers were detained.
Moreover, Human Rights in Iran released 6 different reports during the time of beginning of this phase of protestations and rallies that informed in details the names of the killed in these protests. The important point to be mentioned is that regarding the lack of clarity in Inforation communication inside Iran, likewise the mass suppression of freedom of speech, internet disconnection and the dominant security condition, certainly the real number of victims in this phase of protesting rallies is beyond what is said.
Also considering the UN confirmation in the course of these protesting rallies, more than 300 of citizens in different cities of Iran were killed by direct shootings of Security Guards. Besides, many other reports of the large number of the wounded individuals in the cities and different regions of country, caused by Security and Military Forces were affirmed by Amnesty International.
Between 16 to 25 percent of Iran’s population are Turkic-speaking, most of whom live in the provinces of East and West Azerbaijan, Ardabil and Zanjan. Some of these citizens consider the government’s treatment of Turkish-speaking citizens to be discriminatory and consider the ban on teaching non-Persian languages in schools to be one of the most prominent forms of discrimination, which has always been protested by some civil society activists in these areas.
The suppression of civil activists violates the International Human Rights Instruments, Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), and Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) adopted on December 16, 1966, which emphasize the individuals’ rights to release their thoughts and opinions regardless of boundary restrictions.
Also enjoying the right to a fair trial by an impartial tribunal in the presence of a jury and by preserving the right of the accused to appoint his or her lawyer in a trial, is one of the issues accentuated in International Instrument of Human Rights, including Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), adopted on December 16, 1966.