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Sunday, 27 September, 2020

Issuance of death penalty and imprisonment for 2 Sunnite citizens in Urmia

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Human Rights in Iran – Thursday, June 2, 2020 / Branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court in Urmia, presided over Ali Sheikhlou, issued a lawsuit sentencing Mohiuddin Tazeh Vared, a Sunnite prisoner of conscience to death on charges of membership in Salafi (Islamist branch). Abdul Salam Mardan Razgeh was also sentenced to 7 years and 6 months in this case.

According to Human Rights in Iran, today on Thursday, July 2, 2020, Mohiuddin Tazeh Vared, a Sunnite prisoner of conscience was sentenced to death by branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court in Urmia (a city in West Azerbaijan), headed by Ali Sheikhlou on charges of membership in Salafi groups. Abdul Salam Mardan Razgeh, another Sunnite citizen was also sentenced to 7 years and 6 months in prison on the same charges.

As reported, the issued verdict was commuted to Mohiuddin Tazeh Vared by branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court in Tehran when he appeared at the mentioned branch.

Abdul Salam Mardan Razgeh was temporarily released from the Urmia Central Prison on June 15, 2020, pending trial, following the interrogation process in a preliminary hearing.

Mohiuddin Tazeh Vared was arrested on October 29, 2018, by security forces in Oshnaviyeh (in West Azerbaijan), and after being transferred to IRGC’s detention center in Urmia and being interrogated, was taken to Urmia Central Prison.

This citizen was arrested by security forces at his workplace in October 2018 and after being transferred to the detention center for interrogation, was able to visit his family for ten minutes for the first time in three months.

The issue of arbitrary detainment of persons without the justification of their charges, and the culprits’ inaccessibility to a lawyer is a case of violations of Principles noted in International Instrument of Human Rights, Article 9 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Article 9 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted on December 16th 1966. But judicial and security officials in prisons use these deprivations and inaccessibilities as a mean to repress the individuals because of their forced accusations, that this kind of behavior is a violation of Article 5 in Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Prohibiting Sunnite citizens from performing or attending their religious ceremonies is a violation of International Instruments, including Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16, 1966, which stipulates: “Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.”

Also the individuals’ right to a fair trial is one of the inalienable rights accentuated in Article 10 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Extracting forced confessions through beatings and threats are among the most flagrant violations of International Human Rights Instruments, as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights explicitly prohibit torture.

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