Human Rights in Iran – Tuesday, May 5th 2020/ After more than 2 weeks of the arrest of Ali Yunesi and Amir Hossein Moradi, 2 elite students of Sharif University of Technology (in Tehran), the Judiciary’s spokesperson, Gholam Hossein Esmaeili accused these students of political charges.
According to Human Rights in Iran, quoting from ILNA (Iranian Labour News Agency), on Tuesday May 5th 2020, Gholam Hossein Esmaeili, the spokesman for the Judiciary, without mentioning that names of these 2 students detained by IRGC forces, claimed that these 2 detainees were in contact with Mujaheddin-e Khalq (MEK) and dissident groups outside of the country.
As reported, Gholam Hossein Esmaeili claimed in weekly press conference with the media and news agencies inside Iran: ” 2 detained students were connected to anti-regime groups and Mujaheddin-e Khalq (MEK) “.
Esmaeili added: ” For detention, the Judiciary does not consider the people’s progression and job, but considers their charges “.
These 2 persons were connected to anti-regime groups and Mujaheddin-e Khalq (MEK) and under the guidance of this group, they sought to carry out destructive actions, but they couldn’t do it “.
The charges ascribed by IRGC’s Intelligence and the Judiciary of Iran to Ali Yunesi, a bachelor’s degree student in computer engineering and Amir Hossein Moradi, s bachelor’s degree student in physics at Sharif University of Technology in Tehran is due to the relationship of a member of their families between Mujaheddin-e Khalq (MEK) years ago.
It should be mentioned that on April 10th (2020), Ali Yunesi, a bachelor’s degree student in computer engineering and Amir Hossein Moradi, a bachelor’s degree in physics at Sharif University of Technology, were beaten and arrested by IRGC’s Intelligence forces.
On April 26th (2020), Aida Yunesi, the sister of Amir Hossein Moradi released a video on the continued detention and uncertainty of Ali Yunesi’s condition, saying: ” I call on the Basij (Mobilization Resistance Force) official of Sharif University of Technology which caused the violent arrest of Ali Yunesi, to announce the details of complaint against my brother “.
Aida Yunesi also expressed concern over the beating of her brother by security forces during his detention, saying: ” In which Article of the rules it is said that during the detention, individuals can be beaten and their families can be shocked? “.
Ali Yunesi’s sister also added: ” Last Thursday, after 2 weeks of Ali’s father’s pursuing and the promise taken for releasing Ali, the Prosecutor’s Office charged Ali Yunesi with ” attempting for destruction ” and on Sunday, the same Interrogator emphasized that Ali Yunesi was not guilty. In conclusion, Aida Yunesi called on Ghaderi, the head of Basij (Mobilization Resistance Force) in Sharif University of Technology, to either announce the details of his brother’s case or apologize for lying.
The collection of charges against the citizens, is among the charges related to the suppression of Freedom of Expression. In International Instrument of Human Rights such as in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, also in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is an explicit emphasis on the Freedom of Expression.
Individuals have the right to access a fair trial by an impartial tribunal, as enshrined in international human rights instruments, as well as article 10 of the UDHR and article 14 of ICCPR.
Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provide access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.