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Wednesday, 05 August, 2020

Hadi Kamangar, environmental activist sentenced to imprisonment

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Human Rights in Iran – Wednesday, July 29, 2020 / Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj, presided over by Judge Saeedi, issued a lawsuit against Hadi Kamangar, an environmental activist living in Kamyaran (in Kurdistan Province), sentencing him to a total of 5 years suspended imprisonment and 6 months in prison.

According to Human Rights in Iran, branch 1 of the Sanandaj Revolutionary Court, chaired by judge Saeedi sentenced Hadi Kamangar, an environmental activist residing in this city to 5 years of suspended imprisonment and 6 months in prison on the charge of acting against national security through supporting and membership in a Kurdish anti-regime party.

Also earlier, in the same case branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj issued a lawsuit that Sirvan Ghorbani and Fazel Gheitasi, two environmental activists and Amanj Ghorbani, a senior environmental expert residing in Kamyaran were sentenced totally to 8 years of suspended imprisonment and 8 months in prison.

Simultaneously with the trial of Sirvan Ghorbani, Fazel Gheitasi, Amanda Ghorbani, Bakhtiar Kamangar, Isa Feizi, Mehdi Ghobadi, Rashed Montazeri, Khaled Zaman and Farzad Hosseini, a hearing on the case of Hadi Kamangar was held on July 2, 2020, by branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj, headed by judge Saeedi on charges of acting against national security through supporting and membership in a Kurdish anti-regime party.

On December 31, 2018, after some of his personal belongings were confiscated, Hadi Kamangar was arrested by security forces in Kamyaran and transferred to a security detention center. After completing the interrogation process and being charged, he was released on bail until the end of the trial.

Arrest of persons without arraigning their charges at the time of arrest and impossibility of access to a lawyer for the accused are among the violations of international human rights instruments, Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted on December 16,1966.

Also enjoying the right to a fair trial by an impartial tribunal in the presence of a jury and by preserving the right of the accused to appoint his or her lawyer in a trial, is one of the issues accentuated in International Instrument of Human Rights, including Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), adopted on December 16, 1966.

In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vague and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of Freedom of Expression and opinion, which in International Instrument of Human Rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of Freedom of Expression and opinion. Regarding the principle of freedom of expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.

Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.

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