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Tuesday, 29 September, 2020

Hadi Mohammadzadeh, a civil activist living in Saqqez detained by security forces

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Human Rights in Iran_July 28, 2020, Security forces arrested Hadi Mohammadzadeh, a civil activist living in Saqqez (Kurdistan Province) and transferred him to an undisclosed location.

According to Human Rights in Iran, On Monday, July 27, 2020, Hadi Mohammadzadeh, a civil activist living in Saqqez was arrested by security forces of this city and taken to an unknown location.

Hadi Mohammadzadeh is a member of the “Helo” Mountaineering Group who was previously detained by security forces in July 2019 along with Faegh Yousefi, another citizen of Saqqez and after being interrogated were charged with “propaganda against the regime through the distribution of leaflets”.

At the beginning of trial, the case of Hadi Mohammadzadeh and Faegh Yousefi, two members of “Helo” Mountaineering Group was investigated by the Saqqez Revolutionary Court and both them were accused of “propaganda against the regime through the distribution of leaflets”. According to the verdict issued by the Saqqez Revolutionary Court, Faegh Yousefi was sentenced to 10 months in prison and Hadi Mohammadzadeh to 8 months in prison. After the case was referred to the Court of Appeals, these rulings led to the acquittal of these individuals.

Arrest of persons without arraigning their charges at the time of arrest and impossibility of access to a lawyer for the accused are among the violations of international human rights instruments, Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted on December 16,1966.

Enjoying the right to a fair trial by an impartial tribunal in the presence of a jury and by preserving the right of the accused to appoint his or her lawyer in a trial, is one of the issues accentuated in International Instrument of Human Rights, including Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), adopted on December 16, 1966.

In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vage and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of Freedom of Expression and opinion, which in International Instrument of Human Rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of Freedom of Expression and opinion. Regarding the Principle of Freedom of Expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.

Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.

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