Kourosh Bagheri, political prisoner sentenced to imprisonment
Human Rights in Iran – Tuesday, September 1, 2020 / Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, presided over by Judge Abolghassem Salavati, issued a lawsuit against Kourosh Bagheri, sentencing him to 3 years in prison.
According to the report of Human Rights in Iran, over the past few days, Kourosh Bagheri, a political prisoner incarcerated in Brigade 5 of the Greater Tehran Penitentiary, was sentenced by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court, headed by Judge Abolghassem Salavati, to 3 years in prison on charges of propaganda activities against the regime and insulting the leadership. If this sentence is upheld by the Court of Appeals and Article 134 of the Islamic Penal Code is applied, 2 years of the sentence will be imposed on him.
According to the indicment issued by Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, Kourosh Bagheri was sentenced to 2 years in prison for insulting the leadership, Ali Khamenei, and to 1 year in prison for propaganda activities against the regime.
Speaking to the reporter of Human Rights in Iran, a source close to Kourosh Bagheri said: “During the interrogations, Kourosh Bagheri was charged with having connections with hostile governments. The reason for this accusation against Kourosh Bagheri was related to raising the flag of Israel on the eastern side of Shah Abdol-Azim Shrine (located in Tehran), but due to the lack of documents, he was acquitted of the above accusation, however, he was tried by Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran on two charges of insulting the leadership and propaganda activities against the regime.”
Human Rights in Iran published a report on July 16, 2020, informing about the continuation of the detention and indecision of Kourosh Bagheri in Brigade 5 of the Greater Tehran Penitentiary.
On January 20, 2020, the Revolutionary Guards intelligence agents raided the residence of Kourosh Bagheri’s father, ransacked and confiscated his belongings, and transferred him to one of the IRGC’s safe facilities on Seoul Street in Tehran. He was subjected to severe security interrogations and afterwards, he was transferred to Brigade 5 of the Greater Tehran Penitentiary.
Keeping persons in a state of uncertainty in custody without access to a lawyer violates Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16, 1966.
Also the individuals have the right to access a fair trial by an impartial tribunal, as enshrined in international human rights instruments, as well as Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).
In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vague and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of Freedom of Expression and opinion, which in International Instrument of Human Rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of Freedom of Expression and opinion. Regarding the principle of freedom of expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.
Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.