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Saturday, 24 October, 2020

Maryam Samghani, a civil activist summoned and arrested

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Human Rights in Iran – Wednesday, July 8, 2020 / Branch 2 of the Tehran Security Prosecutor’s Office, after summoning Maryam Samghani, arrested this civil activist residing in Gorgan and transferred her to an unknown location.

According to Human Rights in Iran, today, Wednesday, July 8, 2020, Maryam Samghani, a civil activist living in Gorgan, was arrested after being telephone summoned to branch 2 of the Tehran Security Court and transferred to Evin Prison. This civil activist had already been sentenced to 6 years in prison by branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran. The sentence was upheld by the Tehran appeal Court, but no information is available on the reason for her arrest.

Speaking to the reporter of Human Rights in Iran, an informed source said: “After receiving a phone call from branch 2 0 of the Tehran Security Court, Maryam Samghani went to that place, and after completing the interrogation process and being informed about the charges, she was arrested by the order of Mohammad Nasiripour, the investigator of the branch, and transferred to Evin Prison.”

Up to the moment of writing the report, no information is available on the reason for her detention and the possible charges against her.

Without holding a hearing court, this civil activist was sentenced on May 16, 2020, to 5 years in prison by branch 36 of the Tehran Court of Appeals, presided over by Ahmad Zargar and the court advisor, judge Ozan, on charges of assembly and collusion against the country’s security, as well as, to 1 year in prison on charges of propaganda against the government.

Maryam Samghani was initially sentenced by branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, headed by Abolghassem Salavati, to 6 years in prison on the mentioned charges.

This civil activist was arrested on June 28, 2019, following an attack by Revolutionary Guards intelligence agents and was released on bail after being transferred to security custody 2A controlled by IRGC,located in Evin Prison, undergoing interrogation and receiving her charges.

Arrest of persons without recognizing the charges at the time of arrest and impossibility of access to a lawyer for the accused are among the violations of international human rights instruments, Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted on December 16,1966.

Also the individuals’ right to a fair trial is one of the inalienable rights accentuated in Article 10 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vage and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of Freedom of Expression and opinion, which in International Instrument of Human Rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of Freedom of Expression and opinion. Regarding the Principle of Freedom of Expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.

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