Human Rights in Iran – Thursday, September 3, 2020 / Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, headed by Judge Iman Afshari, issued a lawsuit against Mohammad Mosaed, a journalist and press activist, sentencing him to 4 years and 9 months in prison and 2 years deprivation of journalistic activities.
According to the report of Human Rights in Iran, Mohammad Mosaed, a journalist and media activist, was sentenced on Wednesday, September 2, 2020, by Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, presided over by Judge Iman Afshari, to 4 years and 9 months in prison and 2 years deprivation of journalistic activities on charges related to journalism.
According to the verdict, the charges ascribed to Mohammad Mosaed are related to his media and news activities, and Iman Afshari has mentioned these activities under such headings as news blackout, portraying the situation like crisis, and norm-breaking.
Mohammad Mosaed was arrested by security forces in Tehran on November 22, 2019, and after being transferred to a detention center and undergoing interrogations and being informed of his accusation, was released on bail on December 7th in the same year.
Mohammad Mosaed was the economic correspondent of Shargh (the East) Newspaper. He ended his collaboration with Shargh Newspaper in 2019 after publishing critical reports about the performance of Mohammad Shariatmadari, Minister of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare. In separate reports, the Hamdeli Newspaper and Mashregh News website attributed Mosaed’s resignation to pressures from those close to [president] Hassan Rouhani’s Minister of Labor to the Shargh Newspaper.
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) issued a statement protesting Mosaed’s detention, calling it a sign of increasing pressure on journalists in Iran.
In April 2020, Mohammad Mosaed was placed by the 40-member International Media Freedom Press Association at the top of the list of journalists under pressure, who were arrested and harassed by the government in 2019.
He was also selected as one of the winners by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) in 2020.
The suppression of press and media activists and the imposition of security charges against them are among the cases violating Human Rights, and is in the line of the repression of Freedom of Speech in Iran, which there is an emphasis on it in International Instrument of Human Rights, in Article19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on 16 December 1966.
Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.
Enjoying the right to a fair trial by an impartial tribunal in the presence of a jury and preserving the right of the accused to appoint his or her lawyer in a trial, is one of the issues accentuated in international instrument of human rights, including Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), adopted on December 16, 1966.