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Wednesday, 30 September, 2020

Mostafa Mohebkia, journalist and political activist sentenced to prison

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Human Rights in Iran – Monday, August 10, 2020 / Branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran sentenced Mostafa Mohebkia, a political activist, journalist and member of editorial board of Iran-e Farda magazine to 6 months and 1 day in prison.

According to Human Rights in Iran, over the past few days, Mostafa Mohebkia, a journalist and member of the editorial board of Iran-e Farda magazine was sentenced by branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran to 6 months and 1 day in prison on charges of assembly and collusion with the intention of disrupting the country’s security.

According to this report, Mostafa Mohebkia was charged in this case with assembly and collusion to disrupt the security of the country and was sentenced to 6 months and 1 day in prison

This journalist and political activist published a post on his personal page: Several months after my 45-day detention in ward 209 of Evin Prison (where I spent 25 days in solitary confinement and lengthy interrogations), branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court of Shahriar (in Tehran) found me guilty and charged with assembly and collusion to disrupt the country’s security. Accordingly, of course, with a commutation, I was sentenced to 6 months and 1 day in prison.

It should be noted that in the second part of the same case, Mohebkia should be tried in November 2020, by branch 101 of the Shahriar 2nd Criminal Court on charges of disturbing public order.

This journalist and political activist was arrested by security forces in Shahriar during the mass arrests in November 2019 protests, and after being transferred to the security ward 209 in Evin Prison of the Ministry of Intelligence, he was interrogated and charged, and after enduring 45 days in solitary confinement and intensive interrogations, he was released on January 11, 2020 on a bail of 400 million Tomans until the end of the trial.

Detention of persons before they are charged and the inability of defendants to access a lawyer are among the violations of international instruments of human rights, Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16, 1966.

Individuals also enjoy the right to a fair trial, which is an inalienable right, as enshrined in Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vague and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of freedom of expression and opinion, which in international instrument of human rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of freedom of expression and opinion. Regarding the principle of freedom of expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.

Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.

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