Human Rights in Iran – Friday, August 14, 2020 / Security forces in Urmia County arrested Hamed Ali Moshkooh and Farshad Jahesh, two Sunni activists living in the city.
According to the report of Human Rights in Iran, quoting Kurdpa (Kurdistan Press Agency), Hamed Ali Moshkooh, born in 1984 and Farshad Jahesh, born in 1988, two Sunni religious activists residing in Urmia County (West Azerbaijan), were arrested on Wednesday, July 22, 2020, by the security forces of this city and taken to an unknown location.
“Hamed Ali Moshkooh and Farshad Jahesh were detained because of their religious activities and are currently being held in the detention center of the Urmia Intelligence Detention, while being denied access to a lawyer or other rights of a defendant,” a well-informed source said.
Hamed Ali Moshkooh is an exegete and memorizer of Quran (Arabic: حافظ، someone who has completely memorized the Quran) and Farshad Jahesh is a bachelor’s degree student in Electrical Department at Urmia University.
The deprivation of the right to visit and telephone calls for the accused during the detention and interrogation, and the observance of the individual citizenship rights, violates the article of the Criminal Procedure Code adopted in 2013, which the judiciary of the Islamic Republic claims to act.
Detention of persons before they are charged and the inability of defendants to access a lawyer are among the violations of international instruments of human rights, Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16, 1966.
The suppression of Sunni citizens and the imposition of restrictions on their civil rights are among the most flagrant human rights violations of freedom of expression emphasized in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The imposition of constraints on Sunni citizens to perform and attend their religious ceremonies is an instance of abuse of international instrument, Article 18 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights and also Article 18 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16, 1966.
Also the individuals have the right to access a fair trial by an impartial tribunal, as enshrined in international human rights instruments, as well as Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).
Extracting forced confessions through beatings and threats against individuals are obvious instances of violations of international instruments and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 7 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights explicitly emphasize on the prohibition of torturing the individuals.