Human Rights in Iran – Sunday, July 5, 2020 / Branch 2 of the Karaj Revolutionary Court sent a text message to Ruhollah Zibaei, a Baha’i resident of the city, summoning him to present his defense.
According to Human Rights in Iran, today, Sunday, July 5, 2020, Ruhollah Zibaei, a Baha’i citizen residing in Karaj, was summoned by a text message to branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court of this city to present his defense. The Baha’i citizen had previously been summoned to the branch and interrogated. He was recently sentenced by the Alborz Court of Appeals to one year in prison.
According to the message sent to Ruhollah Zibaei, this Baha’i citizen has been asked to appear in branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court of Karaj on July 7, 2020 to attend the court hearing and present his defense. Ruhollah Zibaei was recently sentenced by the Alborz Court of Appeals to one year in prison for the charge of propaganda against the Islamic Republic in favor of Baha’ism. This Baha’i citizen was initially sentenced by branch 1 of the Karaj Revolutionary Court, chaired by judge Asef Al-Hosseini to one year in prison.
Due to judge Asef Al-Hosseini’s ban on the presence of Ruhollah Zibaei’s defense lawyer, the first hearing for this Baha’i citizen’s case was held by branch 1 of the Karaj Revolutionary Court on December 14, 2019, without his lawyer.
On August 3, 2019, after being detained by IRGC intelligence agents at his private residence, Ruhollah Zibaei was transferred to ward 8 of Raja’i Shahr Prison in Karaj, which belonged to IRGC Intelligence Department and was interrogated by this security organ. Following the interrogation process, he was temporarily released on bail on September 2, 2019.
The repression of followers of other religions in Iran violates international human rights instruments, including Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Articles 18 and 19 of this internationally recognized document, as well as Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Also the suppression of religious dissidents in Iran violates International Human Rights Instruments, including Articles 18 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16, 1966, which stipulates: “Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.”
In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vage and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of Freedom of Expression and opinion, which in International Instrument of Human Rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of Freedom of Expression and opinion. Regarding the Principle of Freedom of Expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.
Also the individuals’ right to a fair trial is one of the inalienable rights accentuated in Article 10 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights