National Civil Activist Shahin Barzegar Was Summoned To Endure Imprisonment
Human Rights in Iran – Thursday, September 1, 2022 – Branch 1 of the Implementation of Sentences of the Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office in Tabriz sent a written communiqué summoning Shahin Barzegar to endure his imprisonment.
According to Human Rights in Iran report, In recent days, Shahin Barzegar, a civil activist living in Tabriz city, the capital of West Azarbaijan Province, was summoned to serve his 91-day prison term, after receiving a written notification.
Based on the communiqué issued by Branch 1 of Tabriz’s law enforcement unit, Shahin Barzegar must introduce himself to Tabriz Prison within 30 days from August 28, 2022, to endure imprisonment.
Shahin Barzegar was summoned to endure his imprisonment, while on July 13, 2022, the security agents went to his father’s house to arrest him, but due to the absence of Shahin Barzegar, this action of the security agents failed and further, in late August (2022), this national civil activist was summoned to attend the investigation session, after receiving a written notice from the 15th investigation branch of Tabriz Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office.
Shahin Barzegar was arrested by the security forces in Tabriz city on July, 2021 and was transferred to the detention center of Tabriz Intelligence Department and after going through the interrogation process, he was transferred to the central prison of this city on August 11, 2022 and on August 14, 2022, he was released on bail. During the proceedings, he was sentenced to 91 days of 6th grade imprisonment, including the days of initial detention, and to pay a fine of 40 million Rials. The court suspended the enforcement of Shahin Barzegar’s 50-day prison sentence for 2 years.
Earlier in November 2019, this national civil activist was arrested by the security forces after searching his home and was transferred to the solitary confinement of the Intelligence Detention Center in Tabriz for interrogation and was released on February 24, 2020, after posting bail.
With the beginning of the proceedings, on June 9, 2020, Shahin Barzegar was tried by Judge Rahim Hamlbar by the 1st branch of the Tabriz Revolutionary Court on the charges of “membership in the illegal Gamaj group” and “propaganda against the regime”. In the second part of the same case, on the same date, he was tried by Branch 112 of Criminal Court 2 of Tabriz, headed by Judge Piri, on the charge of “disturbing public order”.
On June 21, 2020, Shahin Barzegar was acquitted of the charges attributed to him by Branch 112 of Tabriz Criminal Court 2, headed by Judge Piri, but regarding the first part of his judicial case, he was only sentenced to 1 year imprisonment by the 1st branch of Tabriz Revolutionary Court headed by Judge Rahim Hamlbar, for the charge of “propaganda activity against the regime”, after he was acquitted of the charge of “membership in the Gamaj group”.
On October 25, 2019, Shahin Barzegar was arrested along with 7 other civil society activists during the 11th anniversary ceremony of Gholamreza Amani, in the Maralan cemetery of Tabriz, and after going through the interrogation process, he was released on October 28, 2019 by depositing a bail in the amount of 100 million Tomans.
Between 16 and 25 percent of Iran’s population are Turkish speakers, most of whom live in East and West Azarbaijan, Ardabil and Zanjan provinces. Some of these citizens consider the government’s treatment of Turkish-speaking citizens to be discrimination, and they consider the ban on teaching non-Persian languages in schools to be one of the most prominent cases of discrimination, which has always been protested by some civil activists in these areas.
The crackdown on civil society activists and the imposition of security charges against them violates Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on 16 December 1966.
Denying the accused access to a lawyer during interrogation, investigation and proceedings violates Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Also, people’s right to a fair trial is one of the inalienable rights that is emphasized in Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
In Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Law, it is emphasized on informing the accused as soon as possible about the alleged charges and providing the right of access to a lawyer and other defense rights mentioned in the law.