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Friday, 25 September, 2020

Yasamin Hanifeh Tabatabaei, political activist sentenced to prison

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Human Rights in Iran – Monday, August 9, 2020 / Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, presided over by Iman Afshari, issued a lawsuit against Yasamin Hanifeh Tabatabaei, a female political activist and member of Iran Democratic Front, sentencing her to imprisonment and deprivation of social activities and additional punishment.

According to the report of Human Rights in Iran, on Thursday, July 23, 2020, branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, headed by Iman Afshari, sentenced Yasamin Hanifeh Tabatabaei, a female political activist and member of Iran Democratic Front to 1 year in prison, 2 years of deprivation of membership in political parties and groups, and 4 months of forced labor in a nursing home on charges of assembly and collusion with the intention of disrupting the country’s security and propaganda activities against the regime. 

According to the lawsuit issued by branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, Yasamin Hanifeh Tabatabaei was charged with “propaganda activities against the regime” and “assembly and collusion with the intention of disrupting the country’s security”, which after being acquitted of the second charge, she was sentenced to 1 year in prison and 2 years of deprivation of membership in political parties and groups, as well as 4 months of forced labor in a nursing home, solely on the charge of propaganda activities against the regime.

The hearing on the case of this political activist was held on July 12, 2020, by branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, chaired by Iman Afshari, and Ms. Tabatabaei, after presenting her defense, while considering these two accusations baseless, stated that they were the results of the case, fabricated by the interrogators of the security organs.

Yasamin Hanifeh Tabatabaei, along with Heshmatollah Tabarzadi, secretary general of Iran Democratic Front, was arrested by security forces during a visit to Pasargad in Abadeh (Fars Province) on October 29, 2019, and after being transferred to the detention center of the security forces in Shiraz and informed of the charges, she was transferred to the security ward 209 of the Ministry of Intelligence in Tehran, under security surveillance for interrogation and completion of the case.

After completing the interrogation process and being charged by branch 2 of the Tehran Security Court with assembly and collusion with the intention of disrupting the country’s security and propaganda activities against the regime, she was released on bail of 200 million Tomans, pending trial.

Detention of persons before they are charged and the inability of defendants to access a lawyer are among the violations of international instruments of human rights, Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16, 1966.

Individuals also enjoy the right to a fair trial, which is an inalienable right, as enshrined in Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vague and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of Freedom of Expression and opinion, which in International Instrument of Human Rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of Freedom of Expression and opinion. Regarding the principle of freedom of expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.

Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused shall be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.

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