Human Rights in Iran – Friday, June 19th 2020 / Branch 36 of the Court of Appeals in Tehran province, presided over Ahmad Zargar, issued a lawsuit against Farough Izad Nia, a Baha’i citizen residing in Tehran and sentencing him to 10 years in prison because of his activities in Baha’i’s’ online university.
According to Human Rights in Iran, on Thursday, 18th 2020, Farough Izad Nia, a writer, translator, researcher and Baha’i citizen residing in Tehran province, was sentenced by branch 36 of the Tehran Court of Appeals, headed by Ahmad Zargar to 10 years in prison on the charge of acting against the national security of the country through directing a Baha’i organization. This Baha’i citizen was also sentenced to a 10-year prison term in the initial process by branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran.
According to a lawsuit filed by branch 36 of the Tehran Court of Appeals on May 19th 2020, Farough Izad Nia was charged with acting against the national security by leading a Baha’i organization that regarding his teaching at the BHE scientific institute, a Baha’i virtual university, he was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
On August 9th 2019, Farough Izad Nia, a translator, writer and one of the Baha’i citizens living in Tehran, who was trialled in February 2019 by branch 28 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court, chaired by Mohammad Moghiseh on the charge of acting against the national security by directing a Baha’i organization, sentenced to a 10-year prison term.
It should be noted that Farough Izad Nia was tried in February 2019 by branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court in Tehran, presided over Mohammad Maghiseh on the charge of acting against the national security by directing a Baha’i organization.
On February 12, 2017 Farough Izad Nia was arrested by security forces at his private residence and was freed temporarily on bail on February 26, 2017 until his trial.
According to the circular of the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution, Baha’i citizens are among the followers of non-citizenship religious in Iran. The suppression of these citizens includes: sealing the place of business, deprivation of the right to education from primary schools to higher education, destruction of their cemeteries as well as other holy sites and the widespread deprivations that these citizens struggle with.
The repression of Baha’is of Iran violates International Human Rights Instruments, including Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Articles 18 and 19 of this authoritative interpretation document, as well as Article 18 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which in these 2 articles there is an obvious emphasis on individuals’ right to practice religious rites, as well as propaganda and religious instructions, both in private or public approach.
Also the individuals’ right to a fair trial is one of the inalienable rights accentuated in Article 10 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
In most cases, the extrajudicial and arbitrary detention of citizens and civil activists with vage and trumped-up accusations is in the line of suppression of Freedom of Expression and opinion, which in International Instrument of Human Rights, in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in Article 19 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on December 16th 1966, there is emphasis on not suppressing of the individuals because of Freedom of Expression and opinion. Regarding the Principle of Freedom of Expression, every individual has the right to express his/her opinions and viewpoints in any way possible, without considering border restrictions.
Article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code stipulates that the accused should be informed of the charges and provided access to a lawyer as soon as possible. Other defensive rights are mentioned in law, but extrajudicial actions taken by the security services violate the laws that they themselves drafted and claim to be enforced.